This article proposes to discuss the criteria for distinguishing collections of real conferences from pseudo-conferences.
Olga Zelenina and Poppy Business: “Experts must be courageous” (p. 10-11)Olga Zelenina; Olga Orlova; Yuri Kovalev, Alexander SergeevPoppy business started in October 2010. 200 tons of arrested poppy. 254 examinations. 138 thousand pages of indictment. 13 accused. Among them is a chemical scientist, author of a reference letter on the properties of poppy. It would seem, where is the memorandum on homeopathy of the Commission for Combating Pseudoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences? And how is the dispute about the effectiveness of the substance in small doses related to the indictment and imprisonment?
100th anniversary of the revolution in the mirror of society (p. 11)Vera Vasilieva; Lev Gudkov, Galina Zvereva, Dmitry Pavlov, Alexander ShubinLast year, many countries around the world celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Russian revolution. What has this anniversary become in our country for historians, society, and the state? These questions were asked by the participants of the round table “Reflecting on the Scientific Results of the“ Jubilee ”Year”, which took place on February 6, 2018 at the international “Memorial” in Moscow.
Paper magazines: a passing reality? (p. 12)Leonid AshkinaziScientific information for those who are accustomed to receive it is, in the main, already free of charge. For those who want to publish, the situation is similar – there are paid magazines and there are free ones. Editors need money to pay for the production process, but online publishing carries less overhead than paper publications and is often more convenient. As for the paper …
Who was the "defector" Ipatiev (p. 13)Vladimir FenelonovAcademician Vladimir Nikolaevich Ipatiev is the father of modern heterogeneous catalysis in organic chemistry and petrochemistry, the author of catalytic cracking, on which the production of modern motor fuels and polymer materials is based, and at the same time a great organizer of chemical science and industry in Russia. Let’s highlight five characteristic stages of Ipatiev’s life …
Zebradanio overtook mice and fruit flies in biomedicine (p. 14)Alan Kaluev, Konstantin DeminPopular among aquarists, the zebrafish, named for its striped coloration, has become an effective model in genetics, molecular biology, embryology, pharmacology, and, more recently, neurobiology in recent years. For the first time, the American biologist George Streisinger became interested in this organism as a laboratory object in the 1960s …
"Here I am, here I am turning into an ant!" (p. 15)Natalia ReznikSpiders are dangerous predators and at the same time a welcome prey for birds, amphibians, reptiles and larger spiders. Ants are different! They do not exceed small spiders in size, while biting, splashing with formic acid and even calling for help if necessary. Therefore, there are relatively few people who want to feast on ants, and many mimic them.
Science in Short Pants (p. 15)Ivan EconomovChildren are what is most sacred and important for us! We need to do everything so that they grow up to be honest, decent, creative and responsible people, and not all slobs and nesses like us. Alas, there are those whose selfish complacency cannot be pierced by any orphan tears. It is these hard-hearted people who begin to swear at the RFBR leadership regarding the distribution of funds between various types of competitions.
One page about the love of cinema (p. 16)Rebekah FrumkinaThe name of the American film "Intimacy" was translated as "Intimacy", which is simply wrong. The usual Russian context of the word "intimacy" is an ad of the type "do not offer intimacy". And the film is about something else. It’s about trying to break through the wall of loneliness – in the absence of better ways – through sex. So here I would translate English. intimacy as "intimacy".
Test pilot of poetry: on the lectures of Mikhail Panov (p. 16)Alexander MarkovThe most common reproach to the humanities – impracticality (a philologist will not become a writer) – does not fit the book of M.V. Panov. The legendary linguist for several generations (1920-2001) explained what needs to be added to the language in order for it to become the language of poetry again. Figures and decorations are needed last: first – accents, accents, the importance of words who can introduce themselves …
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Saving the Union (p. 1-2)Alexander KhokhlovOn October 11, at 11:40 am Moscow time, the Soyuz-FG launch vehicle with the Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome, on board of which were Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexei Ovchinin and NASA astronaut Nick Haig. Approximately at the 123rd second of the flight, an abnormal situation occurred during the separation of the side boosters of the first stage. In a live NASA broadcast, it looked like rocket smoke and the absence of an even Korolev Cross, the crew was shaken unusually strongly, in the background you could hear the Morse code squeaking …
What is Russian scientific youth worth? (p. 2)Vyacheslav VdovinAll of us in the regions (and in Moscow as well) have just completed consideration of the best works of our youth at academic councils and have nominated the most worthy ones. The competition announced in your magazine is exclusively for Moscow and only for Muscovites. In reality, this competition is a copy of the academic one, practically the same nominations and the total number of awards, even the requirements for applicants and teams are similar. The difference is in the sum, it is 30 times more!
Emergency rescue system: a brief history (p. 3)Anton PervushinThe accident of the Soyuz-FG rocket in the active section of the trajectory revealed not only the vulnerabilities of modern domestic technologies, but also demonstrated the effectiveness of design solutions adopted in terms of creating emergency rescue systems (the name is usually abbreviated to SAS). Their story is full of drama and can serve as a good lesson for the designers of promising spaceships.
The door to world space (p. 4)Evgeny RyzhkovOn September 18-19, 2018, 53 Scientific Readings in memory of K.E. Tsiolkovsky were held in Kaluga. During these autumn days, our correspondent Yevgeny Ryzhkov visited the State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics (GMIK) named after V.I. K. E. Tsiolkovsky and the House-Museum of K. E. Tsiolkovsky.
Disasters in space (p. 5)Maxim BorisovAs you know, neither we nor the Americans managed to avoid casualties on the way into space. The disaster with the maximum number of victims in preparation for the launch of the rocket happened at Baikonur on October 24, 1960. Then they were preparing for the first test launch of the R-16 intercontinental ballistic missile. An unauthorized start of the second stage engine, destruction of the first stage tanks and ignition of propellant components occurred 30 minutes before the scheduled launch.
Designer Leonid Kurchevsky: life and destiny (1890−1937) (p. 6)Natalia Samover, Elena Anikst, Mikhail AnikstAn exhibition dedicated to the talented Russian designer Leonid Kurchevsky, whose creative activity was interrupted by his arrest and execution in November 1937, was held at the Sakharov Center (Moscow) from September 11 to October 14, 2018. We are grateful to the organizer and compiler of the exhibition Natalia Samover for the materials presented. The exhibition project was prepared by Elena and Mikhail Anikstami.
Two more second rounds (p. 7)Sergey ShpilkinOf the 22 regions of Russia, where the general elections of governors were held on a single voting day on September 9, it was not possible to choose the winner in the first round in four. In the Primorsky Territory, the second vote was held at an accelerated pace and everything ended with the cancellation of the results, so now new elections are coming there. In Khakassia, the incumbent governor, Viktor Zimin, withdrew his candidacy, after which the second vote under the law was automatically postponed from September 23 to two weeks. Then Filyagin also withdrew from the elections, and the date of the repeat voting was moved by another two weeks …
Bepicolombo launched towards Mercury (p. 7)M. B.On October 20, 2018, a joint unmanned mission to explore Mercury of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency went into space. BepiColombo was launched with an Ariane 5 launch vehicle from the European launch site at Kourou in French Guiana. This is the first European mission to the smallest and least explored planet in the inner solar system and the first to involve two spacecraft at once.
Nauka 0+ 2018 (p. 8-9)Kirill SokolovThe 13th Science Festival in Moscow took place on the weekend from 12 to 14 October. Press releases report that the number of visitors to the festival this year has reached a record high of 870,000. At numerous venues of the festival, hundreds of scientists from Russia and other countries of the world spoke about their research. This year, new ones have been added to the traditional sites.
Constructing Life (p. 9)Yuri UgolnikovIt is known that different scientific disciplines lend themselves to scientific popularization in different ways. For example, it is enough to simply captivate the general public with paleontology, some dinosaurs. And there are also such areas, the interest in which is quite low – they remain mainly the lot of specialists. Probably, this should also include biochemistry, to which the book by Sergei Yastrebov is largely devoted. Some kind of molecules, ions, nitrogenous bases …
Fantastic studies (p. 10)Anton PervushinOn October 5, 2018, the IV Belyaev Readings took place in the St. Petersburg House of Writers. Yu. I. Andreeva, V. A. Vladimirsky, A. A. Zubov, A. I. Ermolaev, A. I. Pervushin and S. Yu. Shilov made reports. In addition, the presentation of the collection, released following the results of the previous readings, took place. The conference was chaired by A. B. Zheleznyakov. We bring to your attention a report by Anton Pervushin, dedicated to the topical problem of studying science fiction in our country.
Chemistry and chemists on coins of the world – 5. Around the world (p. 11)Ilya LeensonFinland in 1995 issued a circulation of 40 thousand copies. a silver coin (Ag-925) with a denomination of 100 marks, dedicated to the Finnish biochemist Artturi Ilmari Virtanen. Virtanen studied the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen by legumes, the mechanism of the formation of vitamins and pigments in plants. In 1928–1929, he developed a method for preserving feed. In 1945 he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Virtanen was a very prolific scientist: he published over 1,300 papers; 44 of his students became doctors of sciences …
To pay or not to pay? (p. 12)Natalia ToganovaIn early autumn 2018, the documentary “Paywall. The Business of Scholarship, which can be viewed online. This is a snippet of interviews with two dozen researchers and library leaders from around the world discussing how they assess the impact of major publishers – notably Elsevier – on the advancement of science. Why is this topic interesting for our country as well?
Difficult everyday life of candidates for a degree, or make the dissertation council pray to God, he will break his forehead (p. 13)Natalia KirsanovaA couple of years ago, I first heard an interesting story about how a colleague I knew was rewriting her doctoral thesis for a month in order to increase originality. Maybe she turned out to be a malicious plagiarist? No, not at all. The percentage of originality during the check was reduced by her own, publicly available on the Internet, articles in which the materials of the dissertation research were published.
I continue to listen to Dmitry Bykov and Anton Dolin (p. 13)Rebekah FrumkinaFor some time now, I began to regularly watch and listen (in the recording) to Dmitry Bykov’s program "One", which is aired on "Echo of Moscow" usually after midnight. This transmission is constructed primarily as answers to questions and requests from readers. Bykov is never dull or intrusive, so I am interested in his analyzes, even if we are talking about authors alien to me. I listen to Anton Dolin always, when I can find a recording of his performance, even if I “don’t have a chance” to watch the films he mentioned.
Feathers are the mirror of the soul (p. 14)Natalia ReznikBirds do not have facial muscles, but there are emotions, and somehow they must be demonstrated. The most visible part of the animal is the head. In birds, it is all covered with feathers that you can move: there are special muscles for this. Perhaps these movements replace facial expressions for birds. This hypothesis was tested by specialists from the University of Tours under the leadership of Aline Bertin. Their first target was the blue and yellow macaw Ara ararauna.
“There is no momentaryness in prizes in economics” (p. 15)Sergey Izmalkov; Natalia DeminaProfessor of the Russian School of Economics (NES) Sergei Izmalkov spoke about the inclusion of the topic of climate and innovation https://123helpme.me/1984-summary/ in the award theme of the 2018 Nobel Prize, about the list of possible candidates for the highest scientific award in Russia and the world to TrV-Science. Interviewed by Natalia Demina.
National project and silence (p. 15)Ivan EconomovSome colleagues are already asking me what happened to the national science project? It seems that he should have been ready by October 1, but to this day there is no information about what is happening with the project. Some citizens even complain that the discussion was held behind the scenes; noteworthy critics begin to say that the silence around the national project is observed for a reason: the expectation of new American sanctions and a fall in oil prices are forcing our leadership to delay the release of information about the parameters of national projects …
TV lessons of the Italian maestro Manzi (p. 16)Evgeniya LitvinOnline courses, webinars, video lessons – a variety of methods are now being introduced into the educational process that do not require the physical presence of the student in the classroom. What did distance learning look like over half a century ago? Italian school teacher Alberto Manzi came up with a way that allowed him to teach reading and writing to several million adults – in Italy and beyond.
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Igor IvanovPopular science lecture for schoolchildren, FIAN, September 11, 2007
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about the author
Igor P’erovich Ivanov – candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. He worked at the Institute of Mathematics SB RAS (Novosibirsk), Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany), INFN Cosenza (Italy), at the University of Liege (Belgium) and at the University of Ghent (Belgium). Now works at the Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon, Portugal).
Igor Ivanov, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, and Roza Khatskelevich, Deputy Executive Director of the Dynasty Foundation. September 11, 2007. Moscow, FIAN (Photo © Yu.A. Lebedev)
Roza Khatskelevich: I want to introduce you to Igor Ivanov – this is what Ilya and I talked about for so long. And … a few rules. Igor immediately told us, when we started organizing the lecture, that I do not want people to sit in the hall, like soldiers, and look at me, listen and … leave. I want people who came to the hall to interrupt me and ask me questions in places where they think it is appropriate.
We liked this idea very much, but now, when we see that so many people have come to the hall, we think: "How can we do this?" And so we decided to let everything go by itself. That is, Igor will speak, we still expect questions from you that will interrupt his speech, but if it turns out that there will be so many questions and Igor cannot continue his speech, then we reserve the right to somehow organize this spontaneous process.